Rational emotive behavior therapy Wikipedia

A couple of different techniques can be used during rational emotive behavior therapy. REBT is a type of therapy that can help with a range of mental health conditions. If you’re looking to reframe some of your thought patterns, REBT may be a good approach to try. REBT and CBT both hold that thoughts, behaviors, and emotions are connected and must be worked on as a whole. Both types of therapy also encourage patients to actively challenge irrational or harmful thought processes and instead incorporate more adaptive beliefs.

  1. REBT is a form of therapy that emphasizes the present and techniques to manage day-to-day life.
  2. This approach is also used to help change stressful and self-defeating behaviors, such as aggression, unhealthy eating, and procrastination that can get in the way of your quality of life and reaching your goals.
  3. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is a therapy approach that focuses on managing irrational or unhealthy thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
  4. In many cases, these come as absolutes such as ‘I must,’ ‘I should,’ and ‘I can’t’ statements.

During your first session, your therapist will likely discuss your goals and the activating event (or events) that prompted you to seek treatment. They may want to delve into REBT techniques right away; this form of therapy is very active and focused, so your therapist is not likely to spend a lot of time on casual conversation. Because it’s focused on education and taking action, it may be effective for a variety of situations and mental health conditions. It may even lead to lasting change in those who undergo this form of therapy. The main goal of REBT is to help people respond rationally to situations that would typically cause stress, depression, or other negative feelings. When faced with this type of situation in the future, the emotionally healthy response would be to realize that it is not realistic to expect success in every endeavor.

These beliefs can manifest as negative consequences such as unhealthy or self-destructive behaviors or snowball into more irrational thoughts and beliefs, all of which can cause even more emotional distress. Psychologist and psychotherapist Albert Ellis developed rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) to treat mental health conditions when other treatments didn’t seem to be working. Rational emotive behavior therapy is a pillar of cognitive behavioral therapies, its tenets served as inspiration https://sober-house.org/ for Aaron Beck, the founder of CBT. Albert Ellis believed that most people are not aware that many of their thoughts about themselves are irrational and negatively affect the way they behave in important relationships and situations. According to Ellis, these thoughts lead people to suffer negative emotions and engage in self-destructive behaviors. REBT can help you with negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, guilt, problems with self-worth, and extreme or inappropriate anger.

REBT makes use of a variety of methods and tools, including positive visualization, reframing your thinking, and the use of self-help books and audio-visual guides, as well as assigned homework for reinforcement between sessions. In fact, a number of studies have shown that REBT is as effective as other forms of cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of these disorders. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is a type of therapy introduced by Albert Ellis in the 1950s. It’s an approach that helps you identify irrational beliefs and negative thought patterns that may lead to emotional or behavioral issues. Irrational beliefs about life experiences can cause increased emotional distress. Irrational beliefs can come up in response to things we experience, or difficult or stressful life events that inevitably happen.

REBT is grounded in the idea that people generally want to do well and reach their goals. Ultimately, REBT recognizes that our cognition, emotions, and behavior are all connected, interacting and influencing each other. Saul Mcleod, PhD., is a qualified psychology teacher with over 18 years of experience in further and higher education. He has been published in peer-reviewed journals, including the Journal of Clinical Psychology. For example, if you feel burned out at your job, you can make immediate changes to improve your circumstances by trying relaxation exercises or listening to music, among other things. We’ve tried, tested, and written unbiased reviews of the best online therapy programs including Talkspace, BetterHelp, and ReGain.

Core principles of REBT

Overall, our results showed, in most of the cases, medium and significant ESs of REBT, both between and within groups, for outcomes and mechanisms of change at postintervention and follow‐up. The sole exceptions were the ESs for outcomes and mechanisms in the within‐subjects analysis at follow‐up, which were still significant, but small in magnitude. It is worth noting that these analyses were based on the smallest number of studies. Some non‐significant ESs were found for analyses were the number of subjects was low, but these effects were still favoring REBT.

Problem-Solving Techniques

However, differences in ES were nonsignificant when comparing REBT to placebo and pharmacotherapy, probably to the small number of studies involving these comparisons (three and two, respectively). This idea has been advanced and tested before in the literature, in both experimental research and clinical trials (Szentagotai, David, Lupu, & Cosman, 2008). In most cases, “other psychological interventions” referred to CT or specific behavioral interventions (e.g., exposure, relaxation). Because the lack of ES significance when REBT was compared to psychoeducation seemed suspicious (taking into considerations that REBT appeared to be superior to other psychological interventions), we verified if the clinical status of participants acted as a confounded variable here. Because there were no studies comparing REBT with psychoeducation in clinical samples, we speculate that the equivalence between REBT and psychoeducation only stands for nonclinical samples. This is presumable because in nonclinical populations, the space of improvement in terms of intervention outcomes is minimal.

From Irrational to Rational: Practical Applications

The techniques used in REBT, which include recognizing irrational or harmful thought processes, challenging those beliefs, and focusing on rational thought processes, make it much easier to handle activating events when they inevitably arise. In practice, REBT has been applied in various domains like clinical psychology, education (e.g., rational emotive education), organizational settings (e.g., rational emotive coaching, rational effectiveness training), or counseling (e.g., rational pastoral counseling); (David, 2014). Also, REBT interventions are efficacious/ effective when analyzing their effect on alleged mechanisms of change. Because studies are highly heterogeneous in scope, outcomes, and quality of reporting, more studies need to be conducted in the more recent and more rigorous efficacy paradigm, involving various diagnostic categories (and transdiagnostic interventions as well). Last but not least, we need more psychometrically sound instruments to uniformly measure REBT mechanisms of change, and more studies employing mechanisms of change analyses to further test the REBT change theory. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is the original form and one of the main pillars of cognitive‐behavioral therapies (CBT).

Is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Right for Me?

The teaching of scientific thinking, reasonableness and un-dogmatism has been inherent in REBT as an approach, and these ways of thinking are an inextricable part of REBT’s empirical and skeptical nature. Another factor how to help someone with a drinking problem contributing to the brevity of REBT is that the therapist seeks to empower the client to help himself through future adversities. REBT only promotes temporary solutions if more fundamental solutions are not found.

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